BEDFORD HOUSE CEMETERY

 

Ieper

 

West-Vlaanderen

 

Belgium

Home |About Us | Links | Contact | Submit to the Site | Site Map

 

Victoria Cross: Second Lieutenant Rupert Price Hallowes, VC, MC, Mentioned in Despatches. 4th Bn. Middlesex Regiment, 30/09/1915, aged 34. Enclosure No. 4. Plot XIV. B. 36. Son of F. B. and Mary Ann Taylor Hallowes, of Dan-y-Ffynnon, Port Talbot, Glam.

 

 

Citation: An extract from the "London Gazette", No. 29371, dated 16th Nov., 1915, records the following:- "For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during the fighting at Hooge between 25th September and 1st October, 1915. Second Lieutenant Hallowes displayed throughout these days the greatest bravery and untiring energy, and set a magnificent example to his men during four heavy and prolonged bombardments. On more than one occasion he climbed up on the parapet, utterly regardless of danger, in order to put fresh heart into his men. He made daring reconnaissance's of the German positions in our lines. When the supply of bombs was running short he went back under very heavy shell fire and brought up a fresh supply. Even after he was mortally wounded he continued to cheer those around him and to inspire them with fresh courage."

**

 

Shot at Dawn

 

 266120 Private Frederick Turner, 6th Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers, executed for desertion 23/10/17, aged 31. Enclosure No.4. Plot IV. A. 18. Son of William and Mary Turner, of 62, First St., Bensham, Gateshead.

 

The mass pardon of 306 British Empire soldiers executed for certain offences during the Great War was enacted in section 359 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, which came into effect on royal assent on 8 November 2006.

 

Bedford House Cemetery is located 2.5 Km south of Ieper town centre. The cemetery lies on the Rijselseweg (N336), the road connecting Ieper to Armentieres.

From Ieper town centre the Rijselsestraat runs from the market square, through the Lille Gate (Rijselpoort) and directly over the crossroads with the Ieper ring road. The road name then changes to the Rijselseweg. The cemetery itself is located 2 Km after this crossroads on the left hand side of the Rijselseweg.

 

Zillebeke village and most of the commune were in the hands of Commonwealth forces for the greater part of the First World War, but the number of cemeteries in the neighbourhood bears witness to the fierce fighting in the vicinity from 1914 to 1918.

Bedford House, sometimes known as Woodcote House, were the names given by the Army to the Chateau Rosendal, a country house in a small wooded park with moats. Although it never fell into German hands, the house and the trees were gradually destroyed by shell fire. It was used by field ambulances and as the headquarters of brigades and other fighting units, and charcoal pits were dug there from October 1917.

In time, the property became largely covered by small cemeteries; five enclosures existed at the date of the Armistice, but the graves from No.1 were then removed to White House Cemetery, St. Jean, and those from No.5 to Aeroplane Cemetery, Ypres.

ENCLOSURE No.2 was begun in December 1915, and used until October 1918. After the Armistice, 437 graves were added, all but four of which came from the Ecole de Bienfaisance and Asylum British Cemeteries, both at Ypres.

ENCLOSURE No.3, the smallest, was used from February 1915 to December 1916; the burials made in August-October 1915 were largely carried out by the 17th Division.

ENCLOSURE No.4, the largest, was used from June 1916 to February 1918, largely by the 47th (London) Division, and after the Armistice it was enlarged when 3,324 graves were brought in from other burial grounds and from the battlefields of the Ypres Salient. Almost two-thirds of the graves are unidentified.

ENCLOSURE No.6 was made in the 1930s from the graves that were continuing to be found on the battlefield of the Ypres Salient. This enclosure also contains Second World War burials, all of them soldiers of the British Expeditionary Force, who died in the defence of the Ypres-Comines canal and railway at the end of May 1940. The canal lies on high ground on the west side of the cemetery.

Commonwealth casualties buried in the following smaller cemeteries were either concentrated into Bedford House Cemetery after the war or if lost, are now commemorated in Bedford House Cemetery:-

ASYLUM BRITISH CEMETERY, YPRES, was established in the grounds of a mental hospital (the Hospice du Sacre Coeur) a little West of the railway station, between the Poperinghe road and the railway. It was used by Field Ambulances and fighting units from February 1915, to November 1917, and it contained the graves of 265 soldiers from the United Kingdom, nine from Canada, seven from Australia and two of the British West Indies Regiment.

BOESINGHE FRENCH CEMETERY No.2, a little South of Bard Cottage, contained the grave of one soldier from the United Kingdom.

DROOGENBROODHOEK GERMAN CEMETERY, MOORSLEDE, contained the graves of two United Kingdom soldiers who fell in October 1914.

ECOLE DE BIENFAISANCE CEMETERY, YPRES, was on the North side of the Poperinghe road, immediately West of the railway, in the grounds of a school (later rebuilt). It was used by Field Ambulances in 1915-1917, and it contained the graves of 133 soldiers from the United Kingdom, three from Canada, three from Australia and one of the British West Indies Regiment.

KERKHOVE CHURCHYARD contained the graves of five United Kingdom soldiers, who fell in October and November 1918, and seven German.

POELCAPELLE GERMAN CEMETERY No.4, between Langemarck and the Poelcapelle-St. Julien road, contained the graves of 52 soldiers from the United Kingdom who fell in 1914 and 1916.

ZONNEBEKE BRITISH CEMETERIES No.1 and No.3 were on the South and North sides respectively of the Broodseinde-Zonnebeke road. Zonnebeke was occupied by the Germans on the 22 October 1914, retaken by the French on the following day, and evacuated at the beginning of May 1915; retaken by British troops on the 26 September 1917; evacuated again in April 1918; and retaken by Belgian troops on the 28th September, 1918. Four British Cemeteries were made by the Germans on the Broodseinde-Zonnebeke road; No.1 contained the graves of 31 United Kingdom soldiers (mainly 2nd East Surrey) who fell in April 1915, and No.3 those of 69 who fell in April, and May 1915.

In all, 5,139 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War are buried or commemorated in the enclosures of Bedford House Cemetery. 3,011 of the burials are unidentified but special memorials commemorate a number of casualties known or believed to be buried among them. Other special memorials name casualties buried in other cemeteries whose graves could not be found on concentration. Second World War burials number 69 (3 of which are unidentified). There are 2 Germans buried here.

The cemetery was designed by
Captain Wilfred Clement Von Berg, MC.

Casualty Details: UK 4425; Canada 390; Australia 249; New Zealand 36; South Africa 21; India 21; Germany 2; Total Burials: 5144

 

 

 

653350 Rifleman

Zachariah Patmore

21st Bn. London Regiment

(1st Surrey Rifles).

23/01/1917.

Enclosure No.4. I. D. 1.

Zachariah fell on the 23rd January 1917 In what was probably the coldest winter on record. He died with two other men, Charles Walter Findlay and Percy Frederick Jennings. All three men are buried side by side at Bedford House Cemetery.

Photo courtesy of Andy Mercer, Great nephew of this soldier

 

 

1200 Corporal

Henry (Harry) Conrad Wetzel

22nd Bn. Australian Infantry,

A. I. F.

17/09/1917, aged 21.

Son of C. H. and Margaret Catherine Wetzel, of Daylesford, Victoria, Australia.

Enclosure No.4 III. A. 20.

 

Picture courtesy of Dianne Powell

 

 

 

 

 

646 Private

William Morris

1st Bn. East Surrey Regiment

20/04/1915, aged 44.

Husband of Caroline Morris, of 32, North Wharf Rd., Paddington, London.

Enclosure No.4 XV. AA. 22.

 

Remembered by all his grandchildren

 

Picture courtesy of Joyce Brown (nee Morris)

 

 

10915 Private

Albert Heartfield

6th Bn. Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, 23/09/1915.

Husband of Eliza Harriet Heartfield, of 57, Maberley Rd., Upper Norwood, London.

Enclosure No.2. VI. A. 93.

 

 

66413 Private

A. W. Ford

99th Field Ambulance

Royal Army Medical Corps

27/09/1917.

Enclosure No.2 I. A. 25.

 

 

 

 

 

 

7026 Private

William Andrew Harris

12th Bn. Australian Infantry,

A. I. F.

Between 19/09/1917 and 20/09/1917, aged 42.

Son of Thomas and Mary Harris; husband of L. D. Harris, of "Mayville", Derwent Park, Tasmania. Born at Ouse, Tasmania.

Enclosure No.4. Plot III. B. 16

He was born 20 Oct 1874 at Lane's Tier, Tasmania, Australia, the son of William and Mary Harris. He married Louisa Dora Blackwell 17 August 1897. He and Louisa had 6 children and was a Carpenter by trade. He joined the 12th Battalion, 23rd Reinforcement. (enlisted 9th October 1916 and embarked on "H. M. A. T.  A34 Persic" on the 22 Dec 1916.)

Picture courtesy of Robyn Conway, great granddaughter of this soldier

 

 

 

 

55590 Private

Roy Clingersmith

19th Bn. Canadian Infantry, (Central Ontario Regiment)

02/07/1916.

Enclosure No. 4. I. R. 5.

 

Picture courtesy of Shirley Clingersmith Godfree, niece of this soldier

 

 
 

 

 

 

332641 Private

Alexander Hart

1st/9th Bn. The King's (Liverpool Regiment)

20/09/1917, aged 23.

Enclosure No.4 Plot XIII. B. 18.

Husband of Margaret, Father of Catherine, Grandfather of Mary, and Great grandfather of  Anne-Marie who has sent this information.

 

 

 

 

 

405470 Private

Fred Wilkinson

21st Bn. Canadian Infantry

12/06/1916, aged 39.

Son of Richard and Sarah Wilkinson, of Colne, Lancs, England;

husband of Annie Fuller (formerly Wilkinson), of 92, Grampian Way, Dorchester, Mass, U.S.A.

Enclosure No.4 I. K. 7.

 

 

 

The 1939-1945 plot